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Hybrid Multi-Criteria Decision Making Approach to Ranking COVID-19 Vaccines

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2021
Randa Mohamed, Amal Rashed, Doaa Mohamed

Randa Mohamed, Amal Rashed and Doaa Mohamed. Hybrid Multi-Criteria Decision Making Approach to Ranking COVID-19 Vaccines. International Journal of Computer Applications 183(34):5-11, October 2021. BibTeX

	author = {Randa Mohamed and Amal Rashed and Doaa Mohamed},
	title = {Hybrid Multi-Criteria Decision Making Approach to Ranking COVID-19 Vaccines},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {October 2021},
	volume = {183},
	number = {34},
	month = {Oct},
	year = {2021},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {5-11},
	numpages = {7},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2021921727},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


The coronavirus is influencing more than 219 countries and territories. A coronavirus is a type of virus, there are many kinds, and some cause disease. A coronavirus identified in 2019, SARS-CoV-2, has affected a pandemic of respiratory illness, called COVID-19. The whole world is seeking to manufacture vaccines to curb this epidemic. Vaccination is a harmless and active way to elude disease and save lives. Without vaccines, we are at risk of thoughtful disease and disability from diseases like measles, meningitis, pneumonia, tetanus, and polio. Many of these diseases can be life-threatening. World Health Organization(WHO) evaluates that vaccines protect between 2 and 3 million lives every year. There are three COVID-19 vaccines for which certain national regulatory authorities have authorized the use. In this paper we use Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) hybrid technique to analysis and compare between three COVID-19 vaccines to select the best. We combine three Multi criteria decision (MCD methods. Three methods are Simple Additive Weighting (SAW), the Technique for Order or Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), to classify the vaccines, after analysis three vaccines using MCD methods the result show the result shows that the order of vaccines are   Pfizer then Johnson & Johnson’s then AstraZeneca/Oxford


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Vaccines, multi criteria making decision, AHP, SWA, TOPSIS, MCDA