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IPFSChain: Interplanetary File System and Hyperledger Fabric Collaboration for Chain of Custody and Digital Evidence Management

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2021
Jefrul Hanafi, Yudi Prayudi, Ahmad Luthfi

Jefrul Hanafi, Yudi Prayudi and Ahmad Luthfi. IPFSChain: Interplanetary File System and Hyperledger Fabric Collaboration for Chain of Custody and Digital Evidence Management. International Journal of Computer Applications 183(41):24-31, December 2021. BibTeX

	author = {Jefrul Hanafi and Yudi Prayudi and Ahmad Luthfi},
	title = {IPFSChain: Interplanetary File System and Hyperledger Fabric Collaboration for Chain of Custody and Digital Evidence Management},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {December 2021},
	volume = {183},
	number = {41},
	month = {Dec},
	year = {2021},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {24-31},
	numpages = {8},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2021921808},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Dematerialization of physical evidence is an asset of digitizing information, where information from physical evidence becomes more important than physical evidence itself. In principle, to preserve digital evidence, an accurate and reliable distributed storage system is needed that is packaged in terms of asset digitization which are summarized in chain of custody (CoC) documents. In addition to addressing all the needs related to the storage system, one thing that is no less important is to focus on the ease of distributing evidence on the network safely and reliably. This is one of the most important parts of interpreting the effectiveness of digital forensic investigations. However, several problems arose regarding the concept of managing digital evidence asset storage which still cannot be distributed, and is difficult to track. The purpose of this research is to complement the concept of Digital Evidence Cabinet (DEC) by combining InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) and Hyperledger Fabric (HF) as a distributable storage system. By proposing an alternative approach to the IPFSChain model, it is possible to achieve ease of data transfer, better data trust and protection of its ownership. The contribution of this research is to provide the concept of IPFSChain as a distributed storage model and all activities on assets can be audited properly by considering the rules of chain of custody.


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Digital Forensic, IPFS, Hyperledger, Chain of Custody, Digital Evidence