Call for Paper - March 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the March 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is February 20, 2023. Read More

An Adaptive Learning System Architecture based on a Granular Learning Object Framework

Print
PDF
International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2011 by IJCA Journal
Number 1 - Article 1
Year of Publication: 2011
Authors:
Amal Battou
Ali El Mezouary
Chihab Cherkaoui
Driss Mammass
10.5120/3900-5465

Amal Battou, Ali El Mezouary, Chihab Cherkaoui and Driss Mammass. Article:An Adaptive Learning System Architecture based on a Granular Learning Object Framework. International Journal of Computer Applications 32(5):18-27, October 2011. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Amal Battou and Ali El Mezouary and Chihab Cherkaoui and Driss Mammass},
	title = {Article:An Adaptive Learning System Architecture based on a Granular Learning Object Framework},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2011},
	volume = {32},
	number = {5},
	pages = {18-27},
	month = {October},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

Adaptation has been becoming more and more important in modern educational systems. Building an adaptive learning system requires granular and reusable content. In this paper, we proposed a learning content framework using the Learning Object technology. We will particularly examine the granularity approach of Learning Objects (LO) and its impact of adaptability in Adaptive Learning Systems (ALS). For this, we study first the concept of Learning Objects. Then, we present some models of educational contents and their limitations in comparative way. Afterward, we discuss the granularity as a fundamental point to achieve adaptability and individualization required in Adaptive Learning System. Later, we propose our own learning resources model that emphasizes on fine-levels granularity to enable course adaptability and therefore facilitate efficient learning to the students. Finally, we present the design and the general architecture of the system ALS-CPL, allowing the integration of the granular LO framework.

Reference

  • IEEE. (2002) “Learning Draft Standard for Learning Metadata”, 2002, Available : http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg12/
  • Adlnet. (2006). Available : http://www.adlnet.gov.
  • D.A. Wiley. "Connecting learning objects to instructional design theory: A definition, a metaphor, and a taxonomy". In D.A. Wiley (Ed.), the instructional use of learning objects, 2000.
  • T. Barron, "Learning object approach is making inroads", In Learning Circuits, 2002. Available: http://www.learningcircuits.org/2002/may2002/barron.html.
  • Mortimer L., "Learning objects of desire: Promise and practicality". Learning Circuits, 2002. Available : http://www.learningcircuits.org/2002/apr2002/mortimer.html
  • Downes, S., "Design and reusability of learning objects in an academic context: A new economy of education", in JSDLA Journal, 2003, 17(1). Available : http://www.usdla.org/html/journal/JAN03_Issue/article01.html.
  • P.R. Polsani, "Use and abuse of reusable learning objects", Journal of Digital Information, 2003, 3(4). Available: http://jodi.tamu.edu/Articles/v03/i04/Polsani/.
  • P. Balatsoukas, A. Morris & A. O’Brien A., “Learning Objects Update: Review and Critical Approach to Content Aggregation”, Educational Technology & Society, 2008, Vol. 11 (2), pp-119-130.
  • A. Battou, A. El Mezouary, C. Cherkaoui, D. Mammass, The granularity approach of learning objects to support adaptability in adaptive learning systems. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology. Vol 18. No. 1 – 2010 Available :http://www.jatit.org/volumes/eighteenth_volume_1_2010.php
  • R. Bibeau, “Les TIC à l’école: proposition de taxonomie et analyse des obstacles à leur intégration”, EpiNet n° 79, novembre 2005. Available : http://www.epi.asso.fr/revue/articles/a0511a.htm
  • P. Flamand, A. Gervais, “Les objets d’apprentissage: au-delà de la technologie, la pédagogie”, Le bulletin Clic, 2004, N°54, pp 1-5. Available : http://www.clic.ntic.org/clic54/objets.html
  • Normetic, “La description normalisée des ressources: vers un patrimoine éducatif”, CREPUQ Novasys Inc., 2003. Available: http://www.profetic.org:16080/normetic/pdf/normetic.pdf.
  • WISC, (2009) “Visconsin on line Ressource center”. Available : http://www.wisconline.com
  • N. Ballantyne, “Object Lessons: A learning Object Approach to E-learning For Social Work Education”, Journal of Technology in the Human Services, 25, (1/2), 2007, 1-16
  • P. Brusilovsky, “Adaptive Hypermedia: From Intelligent Tutoring Systems to Web-Based Education”, 2000, Available: http://www2.sis.pitt.edu/~peterb/papers/ITS00inv.html.
  • A. Behaz, “Création dynamique de documents hypermédias adaptatifs”, Available : http://lodel.irevues.inist.fr/cide/index.php?id=281
  • A. Bouzeghoub, “Un modèle de description sémantique de ressources pédagogiques basé sur une ontologie de domaine”, Sciences et Technologies de l´Information et de la Communication pour l´Éducation et la Formation, Vol. 12, (2005).