CFP last date
20 March 2024
Reseach Article

Decimal Sequence based Imperceptible Audio Watermarking

by Chanchal Ghosh, Angshuman Majumdar
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 47 - Number 4
Year of Publication: 2012
Authors: Chanchal Ghosh, Angshuman Majumdar

Chanchal Ghosh, Angshuman Majumdar . Decimal Sequence based Imperceptible Audio Watermarking. International Journal of Computer Applications. 47, 4 ( June 2012), 35-41. DOI=10.5120/7178-9838

@article{ 10.5120/7178-9838,
author = { Chanchal Ghosh, Angshuman Majumdar },
title = { Decimal Sequence based Imperceptible Audio Watermarking },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { June 2012 },
volume = { 47 },
number = { 4 },
month = { June },
year = { 2012 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 35-41 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/7178-9838 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T20:41:02.105907+05:30
%A Chanchal Ghosh
%A Angshuman Majumdar
%T Decimal Sequence based Imperceptible Audio Watermarking
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 47
%N 4
%P 35-41
%D 2012
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

Digital watermarking has been proposed as a new, alternative method to enforce intellectual property rights and protect digital media from tempering. Digital watermarking is defined as imperceptible, robust and secure communication of data related to the host signal, which includes embedding into and extracted from the host signal. The main challenge in digital audio watermarking is that if the perceptual transmitter is fixed, the design of watermark system cannot obtain high watermark data rate and high robustness at the same time. The main objective of this paper is to development of an audio watermarking algorithm which obtain high watermark data rate and high quality of audio at the same time

  1. Katzenbeisser, S. , Petitcolas, F. A. P. , Information hiding techniques for steganography and digital watermarking, Artech House Publishers, 2000.
  2. Gnanaguruparan, M. , "Recursive secret sharing in visual cryptography", MS thesis, Louisiana State University.
  3. Shoemaker, C. , "Hidden bits: A survey of techniques for digital watermarking", Independent study, EER 290, spring 2002.
  4. Johnson, N. F. , Jajodia, S. , and Duric, Z. , Information hiding: Steganography and watermarking attacks and countermeasures, Kluwer academic Publishers, 2000.
  5. Kutter, M. , and Hartung, F. , Introduction to watermarking techniques - Information technology for steganography and digital watermarking, Artec House, 2000.
  6. Swanson M. D„ Zhu B. , Tewfik A. H. and L. Boney L. , "Robust Audio Watermarking Using Perceptual Masking", Elsevier SignalProcessing, Sp. Issue on Copyrights Protection and Access Control 1998 , Vol. 66, No. 3, pp. 337-355.
  7. Cox I. J. , Kilian J. Leighton F. T. and Shamoon T. , " Secure Spread Spectrum Watermarking for Multimedia". IEEE Trans. On Image Processing 1997, Vol. 6, No. 12, pp. 1673- 1687.
  8. Xiang-Yang Wang and Hong Zhao. ," A Novel Synchronization Invariant Audio Watermarking Scheme Based on DWT and DCT". IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING Dec 2006, VOL. 54, NO. 12,pp. 4835-4840.
  9. Xiumei Wen, Xuejun Ding, Jianhua Li. LitingGao, Haoyue Sun. ," An Audio Watermarking Algorithm Based on Fast Fourier Transform". International Conference on Information Management, Innovation Management and Industrial Engineering 2009.
  10. Yan Yang, Rong Huang, MintaoXu. ," A Novel Audio Watermarking Algorithm for Copyright Protection Based on DCT Domain", SecondInternational Symposium on Electronic Commerce and Security 2009.
  11. Xian hang Tang , YameiNei, Hengli You , Thangke Yin. , "Digital Audio watermark Embedding Algorithm",International Journal Of information Technology 2005,vol-ll No-12.
  12. X. F Ma , T. Jaing. , "The research on wavelet domain audio watermarking based on ICA",Journal For Physics:Conference Series 48(2006),pp. 442-446.
  13. M ketcham ,S. Vongpradhip. ," Intelligent audio watermarking using Genetic Algorithm in DWT domain",World Academy Of Science, Engineering And Technology 26,2007.
  14. Jonathm M blackledge. ," Digital watermarking and self-authentication using chirp coding. ",IS AST Transactions On Electronics And Signal Processing 2007,vol-l,no-l.
  15. Xian hang Tang , YameiNei, Hengli You , Thangke Yin. ," Digital Audio watermark Embedding Algorithm. ",International Journal Of Information Technology 2005. ,Vol- 11,No-12.
  16. Kak, S. C. , and Chatterjee, A. , "On Decimal Sequences", IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. IT-27, No. 5, pp. 647 - 652,1981.
  17. Kak, S. C. , "Generating d-sequences", Electronics Letters, vol. 23, pp. 202-203,1987.
  18. W. N. Lie and L. C. Chang, "Robust and High-Quality Time-Domain Auciio Watermarking Based on Low- Frequency Amplitude Modification," IEEE Transaction on Multimedia, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 46-59, February, 2006.
  19. G. Zeng and Z. Qiu, "Audio Watermarking in DCT: Embedding Strategy and Algorithm," in Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Signal Processing (ICSP'09), pp. 2193-2196, 2008.
  20. NavneetMandhani and SubhashKak," watermarking using decimal sequence",Cryptologia, volume 29, January 2005.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Decimal Sequence Dct Idct