Call for Paper - January 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 20, 2022. Read More

Geographically Inspired Virtual Grid for Wireless Sensor Networks

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2012 by IJCA Journal
Volume 50 - Number 12
Year of Publication: 2012
Pratap Singh
T. P. Sharma
Ishwar Chand

Pratap Singh, T p Sharma and Ishwar Chand. Article: Geographically Inspired Virtual Grid for Wireless Sensor Networks. International Journal of Computer Applications 50(12):28-33, July 2012. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Pratap Singh and T.p. Sharma and Ishwar Chand},
	title = {Article: Geographically Inspired Virtual Grid for Wireless Sensor Networks},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2012},
	volume = {50},
	number = {12},
	pages = {28-33},
	month = {July},
	note = {Full text available}


Topology management is a critical issue in the context of wireless sensor networks. There are different factors by which topology of a network may be affected. Maintaining this topology in uncontrolled mobility of nodes and make it to work efficiently is a tedious task. In this paper, we propose an efficient topology management strategy based upon geographical forwarding information. Simulation experimentation reveals that geographically inspired virtual grid [GIVG] achieves significant improvements compared to other approaches in terms of energy consumption and communication overheads.


  • Gupta, V. and Pandey, R. 2008 "Data Fusion and Topology Control in wireless sensor networks", WSEAS Transactions on Signal Processing, April 2008.
  • Srinidhi T. , Sridhar G. and Sridhar V. 2003 Topology Management in Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks.
  • Xu, Y. , Heidemann, J. and Estrin, D. 2001 Geography - informed energy conservation for ad - hoc routing. In Proceedings ACM/IEEE MobiCom' 01, Rome, Italy, July 2001.
  • Schurgers, C. , Tsiatsis, V. and Srivastava, M. 2003 STEM: Topology management for energy efficient sensor networks. In Proceedings of IEEE Aerospace Conference Networks, 2003.
  • Luo, H. , Ye, F. , Cheng, J. , Lu, S. and Zhang, L. 2002 TTDD: two-tier data dissemination in large-scale wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of ACM/IEEE MOBICOM 2002.
  • Yu, Y. , Govindan, R. and Estrin, D. 2001 Geographical and energy aware routing: A recursive data dissemination protocol for wireless sensor networks " , Technical Report UCLA/CSD, May 2001.
  • Sharma, T. P. , Joshi, R. C. , and Misra, M. 2008 GBDD: Grid Based Data Dissemination in Wireless Sensor Networks. In Proceedings of 16th international conference on advanced computing and communications 2008.
  • Heinzelman, W. , Chandrakasan, A. and Balakrishnan, H. 2000 Energy efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks. In Proceedings of 33rd Hawaii international conferences system sciences (HICSS).
  • He, Y. , Zhang, Y. , Ji, Y. and Shen, X. S. 2006 A new energy efficient approach by separating data collection and data report in wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Communications and Mobile Computing.
  • Y. Kiri, M. Sugano, and M. Murata, "On characteristics of multi-hop communication in large-scale clustered sensor networks", IEICE Transactions on Communications E90-B, 2007.
  • W. B. Heinzelman, A. P. Chandrakasan and H. Balakrishnan, "An Application-Specific Protocol Architecture for Wireless Microsensor Networks", IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 1, no. 4, October 2002.