Call for Paper - January 2024 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2024 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 20, 2023. Read More

Speaker Identification using Spectrograms of Varying Frame Sizes

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2012 by IJCA Journal
Volume 50 - Number 20
Year of Publication: 2012
H. B. Kekre
Vaishali Kulkarni
Prashant Gaikar
Nishant Gupta

H B Kekre, Vaishali Kulkarni, Prashant Gaikar and Nishant Gupta. Article: Speaker Identification using Spectrograms of Varying Frame Sizes. International Journal of Computer Applications 50(20):27-33, July 2012. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {H. B. Kekre and Vaishali Kulkarni and Prashant Gaikar and Nishant Gupta},
	title = {Article: Speaker Identification using Spectrograms of Varying Frame Sizes},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2012},
	volume = {50},
	number = {20},
	pages = {27-33},
	month = {July},
	note = {Full text available}


In this paper, a text dependent speaker recognition algorithm based on spectrogram is proposed. The spectrograms have been generated using Discrete Fourier Transform for varying frame sizes with 25% and 50% overlap between speech frames. Feature vector extraction has been done by using the row mean vector of the spectrograms. For feature matching, two distance measures, namely Euclidean distance and Manhattan distance have been used. The results have been computed using two databases: a locally created database and CSLU speaker recognition database. The maximum accuracy is 92. 52% for an overlap of 50% between speech frames with Manhattan distance as similarity measure.


  • D. A. Reynolds, "An overview of automatic Speaker Recognition Technology", ICASSP 2002, pp 4072-4075.
  • J. M. Naik, "Speaker Verification: A Tutorial", IEEE Communications Magazine, January 1990, pp. 42-48.
  • S. Furui, "Fifty years of progress in speech and speaker recognition," Proc. 148th ASA Meeting, 2004.
  • F. Bimbot, J. -F. Bonastre, C. Fredouille, G. Gravier, I. Magrin-Chagnolleau, S. Meignier, T. Merlin, J. Ortega-García, D. Petrovska-Delacrétaz, and D. A. Reynolds, "A tutorial on text-independent speaker verification," EURASIP J. Appl. Signal Process. , no. 1, pp. 430–451, 2004.
  • Joseph P. Campbell, Jr. , Senior Member, IEEE, "Speaker Recognition: A Tutorial", Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 85, no. 9, pp. 1437-1462, September 1997.
  • S. Pruzansky, "Pattern-matching procedure for automatic talker recognition," J. A. S. A. , 35, pp. 354-358, 1963.
  • R. H. Bolt, F. S. Cooper, E. E. David, Jr. , P. B. Denes, J. M. Pickett and K. N. Stevens "Identification of a Speaker by Speech Spectrograms", Science Volume 166, pp. 338-343 (1969)
  • T. Dutta, 'Text Dependent Speaker Identification Based on Spectrograms', Proceedings of Image and Vision Computing New Zealand 2007, pp. 238–243, Hamilton, New Zealand, December 2007.
  • Dr. H. B. Kekre, Dr. Tanuja K. Sarode, Shachi J. Natu, Prachi J. Natu, "Speaker Identification Using 2-D DCT, Walsh And Haar On Full And Block Spectrogram", (IJCSE) International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering Vol. 02, No. 05, 2010, 1733--1740.
  • Dr. H. B. Kekre, Vaishali Kulkarni, "Speaker Identification using row Mean of Haar and Kekre's Transform on Spectrograms of Different Frame Sizes", International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Special Issue on Artificial Intelligence.
  • H. B. Kekre, Tanuja Sarode, Shachi Natu, Prachi Natu, "Performance Comparison Of 2-D DCT On Full/Block Spectrogram And 1-D DCT On Row Mean Of Spectrogram For Speaker Identification", (Selected) CSC-International Journal of Biometrics and Bioinformatics (IJBB), Volume (4): Issue (3).
  • A. V. Oppenheim, "Speech spectrograms using the fast Fourier transform," IEEE Spectrum, vol. 7, pp. 57–62, August 1970.
  • W. Koenig, H. K. Dunn, and L. Y. Lacey, "The sound spectrograph," Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 18, pp. 19–49, 1946.
  • Paul E. Black, "Euclidean distance", Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures [online].
  • Paul E. Black, ed. , U. S. National Institute of Standards and Technology. 17 December 2004. Available from: http://www. nist. gov/dads/HTML/euclidndstnc. html
  • Micki Krause and Harold F. Tipton, "Handbook of Information Security Management", Auerbach Publications, CRC Press, ISBN: 0849399475.