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Optimization of Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks based on Nature-Inspired Algorithms

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International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2013 by IJCA Journal
Volume 77 - Number 14
Year of Publication: 2013
Authors:
Nizar Hadi Abbas
Tarik Zeyad Ismaeel
Rassim Nooraldin Ibrahim
10.5120/13553-1345

Nizar Hadi Abbas, Tarik Zeyad Ismaeel and Rassim Nooraldin Ibrahim. Article: Optimization of Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks based on Nature-Inspired Algorithms. International Journal of Computer Applications 77(14):32-39, September 2013. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Nizar Hadi Abbas and Tarik Zeyad Ismaeel and Rassim Nooraldin Ibrahim},
	title = {Article: Optimization of Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks based on Nature-Inspired Algorithms},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2013},
	volume = {77},
	number = {14},
	pages = {32-39},
	month = {September},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) consists of a huge number of tiny, low-priced, and battery-powered devices with limited on board sensing, processing and communication capabilities. The batteries of sensor nodes of WSNs are usually with limited capacity; hence it is essential to conserve battery energy to prolonging the WSNs lifetime. Therefore, this paper deals with the matter of energy consumption minimization to maximize the overall network lifespan. In this research, a mathematical model for the lifetime of WSN is formulated based on several parameters to find out the optimal solution of the energy problem in the field of wireless sensor networks using the Modified Particle Swarm Optimization (MPSO) and Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithms. The proposed system has been implemented using MATLAB 7. 6. 0 (R2008a) software environment. The computer simulation results show that the presented approach for power consumption minimization is faster than the previous works by 10 times, and the network lifetime is increased by at least 8 times. Furthermore, the conducted simulation indicates that the MPSO algorithm offers superior results in terms of accuracy (99. 36%) in comparison with ACO algorithm (97. 92%). In this regards, MPSO algorithm acts with much better efficiency as computational time minimizes, simple, has stable convergence characteristics, and designed with adaptable inertial weight and acceleration factors than ACO algorithm.

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