Call for Paper - May 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the May 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is April 20, 2023. Read More

Multi-Velocity Energy-Efficient Reliable Routing Protocol for Coal Mine Monitoring

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
Volume 87 - Number 3
Year of Publication: 2014
D. Usha
B. Paramasivan

D Usha and B Paramasivan. Article: Multi-Velocity Energy-Efficient Reliable Routing Protocol for Coal Mine Monitoring. International Journal of Computer Applications 87(3):9-13, February 2014. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {D. Usha and B. Paramasivan},
	title = {Article: Multi-Velocity Energy-Efficient Reliable Routing Protocol for Coal Mine Monitoring},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2014},
	volume = {87},
	number = {3},
	pages = {9-13},
	month = {February},
	note = {Full text available}


Wireless sensor network has been used in many real-time applications that require reliable and timely delivery of data. This paper presents a real-time communication protocol with data recovery at each hop level to guarantee reliability and also uses the latency of link to determine the shortest path and promises speedy delivery for wireless sensor networks. The proposed protocol provides services such as route discovery based on the reaching speed of the node, multipath forwarding using required reliability and data recovery in single hop. Simulation result shows that the proposed protocol significantly improves the effective capacity of a sensor network in terms of reliability and quickness. Moreover the protocol is highly responsive to the various error conditions experienced and adaptive to large-scale dynamic sensor networks.


  • X. D. Wang, X. G. Zhao, Z. Liang,et al, "Deploying a Wireless Sensor Network on the Coal Mines". In Proceeding of the IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control, 2007.
  • B. Meng, Z. xiaoguang, Z. G. Hou and T. Min, "A Wireless Sensor Network Used in Coal Mines" in proceedings of IEEE Networking, Sensing and Control, London, UK, April. 2007.
  • E. J. Ding, M. Y. Qing, P. Y. Gao, Q. Zhou, "Improved Pattern Matching Localization of WSN in Coal Mine" in proceeding of the IEEE International conference on Information Acquisition July. 2007, Jeju City, Korea.
  • Y. L. Chih, C. W. Peng and C. T. Yu, "Efficient in network moving object tracking in wireless sensor networks" in Proceedings of IEEE Trans. Mobile Computing Aug. 2006.
  • M. Ding, D. Chen, K. Xing and X. Cheng, "localized Fault-Tolerant Event Boundary Detection in Sensor Network" in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, 2005
  • C. Y. wan, S. B. Eisenman, A. T. Campbell and J. Crowcroft, "Siphon: overload traffic management using multi-radio virtual sinks in sensor networks" in Proceedings of ACM SenSys, 2005.
  • C. Lu, B. M. Blum, T. F. Abdelzaher, J. A. Stankovic, and T. He, "RAP: A Real-Time Communication Architecture for Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Networks," Proc. IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symp. (RTAS 2002), Sept. 2002.
  • Chieh-Yih Wan, Andrew T. Campbell, and Lakshman Krishnamurthy, "PSFQ: A Reliable Transport Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks", September 28, 2002, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Copyright 2002 ACM 1-58113-589-0/02/0009.
  • E. Pagani and G. P. Rossi ,"Reliable Broadcast in Mobile Multihop Packet Networks" Proceddings of ACM/IEEE, MOBICOM97, Budapset, Hungary, Sept. 1997, pp34-42
  • Q. Huang, C. Lu, and G. -C. Roman, "Spatiotemporal Multicast in Sensor Netwroks," Proc. First Int'l Conf. Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, Nov. 2003.
  • F. Ye, G. Zhong, J. Cheng, S. Lu, and L. Zhang. Peas: A robust energy conserving protocol for long-lived sensor networks. In Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS '03), pages 28–37, 2003.
  • Di Tian, Nicolas D. Georganas Energy efficient routing with guaranteed delivery in wireless sensor networks. Proceddings of IEEE. 2003 pp1923-1929
  • T. He, J. Stankovic, C. Lu, and T. Abdelzaher, "SPEED: A Stateless Protocol for Real-Time Communication in Sensor Networks," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Distributed Computing Systems, pp. 46-55, 2003.
  • Dong Jiang,Qianping Wang, Yan Zhao,Ke Wang, "The Research and Design of High Reliability Routing Protocol of Wireless Sensor Network in Coal Mine", 2009 International Conference on Networks Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing.
  • Emad Felemban, Chang-Gun Lee, and Eylem Ekici, "MMSPEED: Multipath Multi-SPEED Protocol for QoS Guarantee of Reliability and Timeliness in Wireless Sensor Networks ," Proc. IEEE Transactions on mobile computing, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 2006.