CFP last date
20 June 2024
Reseach Article

Cascade Fading Channel Models for Wireless Communication- A Survey

by Amandeep Kaur, Jyoteesh Malhotra
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 89 - Number 14
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: Amandeep Kaur, Jyoteesh Malhotra

Amandeep Kaur, Jyoteesh Malhotra . Cascade Fading Channel Models for Wireless Communication- A Survey. International Journal of Computer Applications. 89, 14 ( March 2014), 22-25. DOI=10.5120/15700-4608

@article{ 10.5120/15700-4608,
author = { Amandeep Kaur, Jyoteesh Malhotra },
title = { Cascade Fading Channel Models for Wireless Communication- A Survey },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { March 2014 },
volume = { 89 },
number = { 14 },
month = { March },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 22-25 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/15700-4608 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:09:15.101316+05:30
%A Amandeep Kaur
%A Jyoteesh Malhotra
%T Cascade Fading Channel Models for Wireless Communication- A Survey
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 89
%N 14
%P 22-25
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

Statistical theory plays an important role in channel modelling which in turn can be applied in design and performance evaluation of various communication systems. The design and analysis of cascade fading models have been an active area of interest in recent years due to its application in numerous real world scenarios such as keyhole channel and multihop communication system. These cascade fading models are developed by the product of independent but not necessarily identically distributed random variables. Many researchers are currently working in this area and new cascade fading models have been suggested recently in the literature. Due to ever-increasing demand and ubiquitous access of personal communication services, wireless systems are required to operate in increasingly hostile environments so there is a need of better models for wireless communication. So in order to find the gap areas in the literature pertaining to cascaded models, an exhaustive survey has been done here in this paper. This effort will surely help the researchers working in this area, to be able to identify the most appropriate fading channel model for an efficient wireless communication system design.

  1. Shankar P. M. (2012) Fading and Shadowing in Wireless Systems. Springer New York, Dordrecht Heidelberg London.
  2. F. Yilmaz and M. -S. Alouini 2009 "Product of the powers of generalized Nakagami-m variates and performance of cascaded fading channels", IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. , pp. 1 -8.
  3. N. C. Sagias and G. S. Tombras . 2007. "On the Cascaded Weibull fading channel model" . Journal of Franklin Institute; Vol 344 , pp. 1-11.
  4. Mohammed Sameer, Cibile K Kanjirathumkal and Lillykutty Jacob . 2013. "A Unified approach for the fading statistics of heterogeneous compound channels in transparent relay transmission", EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2013:274.
  5. G. K. Karagiannidis, N. C. Sagias, and P. T. Mathiopoulos . 2007. "N*Nakagami: a novel stochastic model for cascaded fading channels", IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 1453–1458.
  6. K. Peppas, F. Lazarakis, A. Alexandridis and K. Dangakis . 2010. "Cascaded generalized –K fading channel", IET Commun, Vol. 4 Iss. 1, pp 116-124.
  7. M. Uysal. 2005. "Maximum achievable diversity order for cascaded Rayleigh fading channels", IET Electron. Lett. , vol. 41, no. 23, pp. 1289–1290.
  8. Y. A. Chau and K. Y. -T. Huang . June 2012. "On the Second-Order Statistics of Correlated Cascaded Rayleigh Fading Channels", International Journal of Antennas and Propagation,Vol. 2012, pp. 6.
  9. Imene Trigui, Amine Laourine, Sofiene Affes, and Alex Stephenne. 2009. "On the Performance of Cascaded Generalized K Fading Channels", IEEE GLOBECOM, pp. 1 -5.
  10. Malhotra Jyoteesh , Ajay K. Sharma and R. S. Kaler. September 2008. "On the Performance Analysis of Wireless Receiver in Cascaded Fading Channel", African Journal of Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 4, No. 3.
  11. M. O. Hasna and M. S. Alouini. May 2003. "Outage probability of multihop transmission over Nakagami fading channels", IEEE Commun. Lett. , vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 216-218.
  12. K. Peppas and A. Maras . Sep. 2008. "Performance Evaluation of space-time block codes over keyhole Weibull fading channels", Wireless Pers Commun. , vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 385-395.
  13. Hadzi-Velkov, Z. , Zlatanov, N, Karagiannidis, May . 2008. "Level crossing rate and average fade duration of the multihop rayleigh fading channel", IEEE Int. Conf. Communications. ICC 08, pp. 4451–4455.
  14. M. J. Taghiyar, S. Muhaidat, and J. Liang. 2010. "On pilot-symbol-assisted cooperative systems with cascaded Rayleigh and Rayleigh fading channels with imperfect CSI",. JSel. Areas Commun. (JSAT), pp. 24–31.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Cascade fading keyholes relay terminals multihop multiple input and multiple output (MIMO).