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TDMA MAC Protocols for WiFi-based Long Distance Networks: A Survey

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
Volume 94 - Number 19
Year of Publication: 2014
I. Hussain
N. Sarma
D. K. Saikia

I Hussain, N Sarma and D K Saikia. Article: TDMA MAC Protocols for WiFi-based Long Distance Networks: A Survey. International Journal of Computer Applications 94(19):1-8, May 2014. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {I. Hussain and N. Sarma and D. K. Saikia},
	title = {Article: TDMA MAC Protocols for WiFi-based Long Distance Networks: A Survey},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2014},
	volume = {94},
	number = {19},
	pages = {1-8},
	month = {May},
	note = {Full text available}


WiFi is widely being researched to use it beyond its original purpose of short-range communication. These kinds of efforts are stimulated due to its mass production and cost-effectiveness. WiFibased Long Distance (WiLD) networks envisage changing the rural communication scenario particularly in the undeveloped nations. However, CSMA/CA, the de-facto MAC protocol of WiFi, is found to be ill-suited for WiLD networks. As a result, various TDMA-based MAC protocols are proposed in the literature as an alternative to CSMA/CA. The proposed protocols have shown significant performance improvement in such scenarios. In this paper, we propose a classification framework of WiLD MAC protocols based on their major characteristics. Using the classification framework, a survey on the MAC protocols proposed for WiLD networks is presented. The distinctive features of the TDMA MAC protocols are critically examined by pointing out their strengths and weaknesses in WiLD environment. In addition, this paper puts forward some state of art open research challenges in this area.


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