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Reseach Article

Non-Invertible Online Signature Biometric Template Protection via Shuffling and Trigonometry Transformation

by Fahad Layth Malallah, Sharifah Mumtazah Bt Syed Ahmad Abdul Rahman, Wan Azizun Bt. Wan Adnan, Salman Bin Yussof
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 98 - Number 4
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: Fahad Layth Malallah, Sharifah Mumtazah Bt Syed Ahmad Abdul Rahman, Wan Azizun Bt. Wan Adnan, Salman Bin Yussof

Fahad Layth Malallah, Sharifah Mumtazah Bt Syed Ahmad Abdul Rahman, Wan Azizun Bt. Wan Adnan, Salman Bin Yussof . Non-Invertible Online Signature Biometric Template Protection via Shuffling and Trigonometry Transformation. International Journal of Computer Applications. 98, 4 ( July 2014), 4-17. DOI=10.5120/17169-7240

@article{ 10.5120/17169-7240,
author = { Fahad Layth Malallah, Sharifah Mumtazah Bt Syed Ahmad Abdul Rahman, Wan Azizun Bt. Wan Adnan, Salman Bin Yussof },
title = { Non-Invertible Online Signature Biometric Template Protection via Shuffling and Trigonometry Transformation },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { July 2014 },
volume = { 98 },
number = { 4 },
month = { July },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 4-17 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/17169-7240 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:26:57.063318+05:30
%A Fahad Layth Malallah
%A Sharifah Mumtazah Bt Syed Ahmad Abdul Rahman
%A Wan Azizun Bt. Wan Adnan
%A Salman Bin Yussof
%T Non-Invertible Online Signature Biometric Template Protection via Shuffling and Trigonometry Transformation
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 98
%N 4
%P 4-17
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

This paper describes a novel approach to a cancelable template protection scheme that secures online handwritten signature samples in the reference database of a biometric verification system. We propose a renewable-noninvertible transformation process named Bio-Trigono comprising two consecutive steps. First, a shuffling scheme is applied to a signature sample to attain the renewability property for template protection. This is followed by the deployment of a cosine function for which its periodic characteristic is exploited to achieve a much desired non-invertible property for additional security. The overall template protection scheme was tested rigorously on signature samples of a SIGMA database through an online signature verification system. Its verification utilized the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for features' extraction and the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for user reference modeling and classification processes. Results demonstrated an effective cancelable template protection scheme whereby the best averaged error rates were 10. 3, 10. 5 and 14. 1% for un-transformed first and second transformed signature templates, respectively.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Artificial neural network authentication biometrics cancelable biometrics principal components analysis security signature verification template protection.