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Load Balancing in WSN using Node Degree Ratio based Algorithm

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
Volume 99 - Number 1
Year of Publication: 2014
Vatsla Chauhan
Narender Singh

Vatsla Chauhan and Narender Singh. Article: Load Balancing in WSN using Node Degree Ratio based Algorithm. International Journal of Computer Applications 99(1):18-21, August 2014. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Vatsla Chauhan and Narender Singh},
	title = {Article: Load Balancing in WSN using Node Degree Ratio based Algorithm},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2014},
	volume = {99},
	number = {1},
	pages = {18-21},
	month = {August},
	note = {Full text available}


A sensor network is a network with large number of sensors nodes. Each sensor node is defined with some energy parameters. The energy of every node is limited and irreplaceable. With each communication over the network some amount of energy is lost. One of network architecture defined in sensor network is the multiple gateway based architecture. According to this architecture, complete network is divided in smaller area segments and each segment is controlled by a gateway node. Sensor nodes communicate with the base station via the gateway. Each node can be defined in sensing range of one or more gateway nodes. One of the challenging tasks in such network is the effective deployment of nodes over the network. These sensor nodes are defined with energy specification. While defining these network types, the protocol specification is required. This protocol is actually responsible for the communication over the senor network. In this paper, We propose an algorithm for an improved load balanced gateway architecture. A restriction is imposed on a particular type of nodes present in the cluster. An energy effective load balancing approach is suggested to generate the gateway network and to control the communication over the network. The selection of gateway is done using the energy and probability parameters.


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