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Reseach Article

Load Balancing in WSN using Node Degree Ratio based Algorithm

by Vatsla Chauhan, Narender Singh
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 99 - Number 1
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: Vatsla Chauhan, Narender Singh

Vatsla Chauhan, Narender Singh . Load Balancing in WSN using Node Degree Ratio based Algorithm. International Journal of Computer Applications. 99, 1 ( August 2014), 18-21. DOI=10.5120/17337-7289

@article{ 10.5120/17337-7289,
author = { Vatsla Chauhan, Narender Singh },
title = { Load Balancing in WSN using Node Degree Ratio based Algorithm },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { August 2014 },
volume = { 99 },
number = { 1 },
month = { August },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 18-21 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/17337-7289 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:27:03.317239+05:30
%A Vatsla Chauhan
%A Narender Singh
%T Load Balancing in WSN using Node Degree Ratio based Algorithm
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 99
%N 1
%P 18-21
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

A sensor network is a network with large number of sensors nodes. Each sensor node is defined with some energy parameters. The energy of every node is limited and irreplaceable. With each communication over the network some amount of energy is lost. One of network architecture defined in sensor network is the multiple gateway based architecture. According to this architecture, complete network is divided in smaller area segments and each segment is controlled by a gateway node. Sensor nodes communicate with the base station via the gateway. Each node can be defined in sensing range of one or more gateway nodes. One of the challenging tasks in such network is the effective deployment of nodes over the network. These sensor nodes are defined with energy specification. While defining these network types, the protocol specification is required. This protocol is actually responsible for the communication over the senor network. In this paper, We propose an algorithm for an improved load balanced gateway architecture. A restriction is imposed on a particular type of nodes present in the cluster. An energy effective load balancing approach is suggested to generate the gateway network and to control the communication over the network. The selection of gateway is done using the energy and probability parameters.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Wireless sensor network Node degree Gateway Ratio analysis Connectivity ratio