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Reseach Article

How Does Resolution Works in Propositional Calculus and Predicate Calculus, Introduction to Unification and Substitution

by Dipanjan Kumar Dey
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 99 - Number 10
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: Dipanjan Kumar Dey
10.5120/17409-7983

Dipanjan Kumar Dey . How Does Resolution Works in Propositional Calculus and Predicate Calculus, Introduction to Unification and Substitution. International Journal of Computer Applications. 99, 10 ( August 2014), 22-31. DOI=10.5120/17409-7983

@article{ 10.5120/17409-7983,
author = { Dipanjan Kumar Dey },
title = { How Does Resolution Works in Propositional Calculus and Predicate Calculus, Introduction to Unification and Substitution },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { August 2014 },
volume = { 99 },
number = { 10 },
month = { August },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 22-31 },
numpages = {9},
url = { https://ijcaonline.org/archives/volume99/number10/17409-7983/ },
doi = { 10.5120/17409-7983 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:27:51.024858+05:30
%A Dipanjan Kumar Dey
%T How Does Resolution Works in Propositional Calculus and Predicate Calculus, Introduction to Unification and Substitution
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 99
%N 10
%P 22-31
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Abstract

One of the most important rules of interference is resolution. Resolution basically works by using the principle of proof by contradiction. Propositional Resolution works only on expressions in clausal form. Before the rules of resolution can be applied, the premises and conclusions must be converted to this form. First part of this work consists of basic information about resolution like what are literals, clauses, empty clause, predicate, facts, rules, conjunctive normal form etc. What is it used for, what is their aim. One of the aims of this work is differentiating resolution between clauses-when clauses containing variables and When clauses containing no variables. When clauses containing no variables resolution are very easy and simple and then no need to substitution. When clauses containing variables resolution becomes complicated and then need a proper substitution through the cancellation of complementary literals. So substitution is an important role in resolution. Unification has been used in my work for performing resolution in predicate calculus. The unification algorithm tries to find out the Most General Unifier (MGU) between a set of atomic formulae. Theorem proving using resolution has also been included in my work which helps to solve many problems.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences

Keywords

Resolution principle Substitution Unification complementary literals Skolemization