Call for Paper - June 2022 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the June 2022 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is May 20, 2022. Read More

Histogram Modified Reversible Data Hiding based on Canny Edge Detection and Prediction Error expansion

IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Computer Technology
© 2015 by IJCA Journal
ICCT 2015 - Number 2
Year of Publication: 2015
Revathi A. S
Dr. S. H. Karamchandani
Yukti Bandi
Deepshikha Hinger

Revathi A.s, Dr. S h Karamchandani, Yukti Bandi and Deepshikha Hinger. Article: Histogram Modified Reversible Data Hiding based on Canny Edge Detection and Prediction Error expansion. IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Computer Technology ICCT 2015(2):11-16, September 2015. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Revathi A.s and Dr. S.h. Karamchandani and Yukti Bandi and Deepshikha Hinger},
	title = {Article: Histogram Modified Reversible Data Hiding based on Canny Edge Detection and Prediction Error expansion},
	journal = {IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Computer Technology},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {ICCT 2015},
	number = {2},
	pages = {11-16},
	month = {September},
	note = {Full text available}


In this paper, based on histogram modification, a feasible reversible data hiding scheme is proposed by using prediction error expansion and edge detected information. The benefit of RDH lies on security of hidden data as well as quality of color image used to carry this data. RDH provides the facility of retrieving the embedded data as well as the cover medium used for hiding data without any degradation. The algorithm makes use of canny edge detection to exploit correlation between the three channels in color image. This will add the advantage of increasing accuracy of prediction errorin one channel . Histogram modification is the method to extract and embed the data in image. For this, image is divided into two blocks and histograms of these blocks are modified. For finding overflow and underflow pixels during embedding, it uses a location map. The algorithm can embed and extract the data even though the color image has subjected for different noises like Gaussian noise, salt and pepper noise, image rotation and staircase artifacts.


  • . Z. Ni, Y. Q. Shi, N. Ansari, and W. Su, "Reversible data hiding," IEEE Trans. Circuits syst. Video Technol. , vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 354-362, Mar. 2006.
  • . Yang,Liu,Luo, and Zeng " Pixel Group Trace Model-Based QuantitativeSteganalysis for Multiple Least-Significant Bits Steganography", ieee transactions on information forensics and security, vol. 8, no. 1, january 2013
  • . G. Coatrieux, C. L. Guillou, J. M. Cauvin, and C. Roux "Reversible watermarking for knowledge digest embedding and reliability control in medical images" IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed, vol. 13, no. 2,pp. 158-165, Mar. 2009
  • . Kuo-Liang Chung, Huang, Chang and Mark Liao "Reversible data hiding -based approach for intra frame concealment in H. 264/AVC " ieee transactions on circuits and systems for video technology, vol. 20, no. 11, november 2010
  • . Chang,Nguyen,and Lin "A novel VQ- based RDH scheme by using hybrid encoding strategies"The Journal of Systems and Software 86 (2013) 389– 402.
  • . L. Kamastra and H . J. A. M. Hejimans, Reversible data embedding into images using wavelet techniques and sorting," IEEE Trans. Image Process. , vol. 14. no. 12, pp. 2082-2090, Dec-. 2005.
  • . Xiaolong Li, Bin Li, Bin Yang, and Tieyong Zeng "General framework to histogram shifting based reversible data hiding"ieee transactions on image processing, vol. 22, no. 6, june 2013
  • . D. M. Thodi and J. J. Rodriguez," Expansion embedding techniques for reversible watermarking. " IEEE Trans. Image Process. , vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 721-730, Mar. 2007
  • . Xiaolong Li,Jian Li,Bin Li,Bin Yang " High fidelity RDH scheme based on pixel value ordering and prediction error expansion" Signal Processing 93 (2013) 198–205
  • . Khurram Jawad, Asifullah Khan "Genetic algorithm and difference expansion based reversiblewatermarking for relational databases"The Journal of Systems and Software 86 (2013) 2742– 2753
  • . A. M. Alattar, Reversible watermark using the difference expansion of a generalized integer transform, IEEE Transactions. on Image Processing 13 (8) (2004) 1147–1156
  • . A. S. Revathi,A. Amsaveni,Dr. P. T. Vanathi "Prediction error based reversible data hiding for color images based on cross channel correlation", Conference proceedings, national conference on Communication, Information& Telematics(CITEL 2014) conducted by ECE Dept. of Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore
  • . Jian Li,Xialong Li,Bin Yang "Reversible data hiding scheme for color image based on prediction-error expansion and cross channel correlation "Signal Processing 93 (2013) 2748–2758