Call for Paper - September 2019 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the September 2019 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is August 20, 2019. Read More

Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination (Nickel and Arsenic) using GF-AAS in Local Brand Chocolates and Candies from Tiruchirappalli, India

Print
PDF
IJCA Proceedings on National Conference cum Workshop on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
NCWBCB - Number 1
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors:
P. Prakash
G. Rajan
V. Elavarasi
T. K. Poornima Priyadharsani
K. Thamaraiselvi

P Prakash, G Rajan, V Elavarasi, Poornima T K Priyadharsani and K Thamaraiselvi. Article: Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination (Nickel and Arsenic) using GF-AAS in Local Brand Chocolates and Candies from Tiruchirappalli, India. IJCA Proceedings on National Conference cum Workshop on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology NCWBCB(1):25-28, May 2014. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {P. Prakash and G. Rajan and V. Elavarasi and T. K. Poornima Priyadharsani and K. Thamaraiselvi},
	title = {Article: Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination (Nickel and Arsenic) using GF-AAS in Local Brand Chocolates and Candies from Tiruchirappalli, India},
	journal = {IJCA Proceedings on National Conference cum Workshop on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology},
	year = {2014},
	volume = {NCWBCB},
	number = {1},
	pages = {25-28},
	month = {May},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

Nineteen different varieties of local brand chocolates, soft candies and hard candies were procured from Tiruchirappalli district, Tamil Nadu. These samples were analyzed for two heavy metals nickel and arsenic in Graphite Furnace – Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (GF-AAS). Out of 19 local brands of chocolates and candies, five were chocolate type, six were soft candy type and eight were hard candy type. From the analysis, it was found that nickel levels in the samples ranged from 0. 77 to 5. 47 ?g/g with an average of 2. 75?g/g and arsenic levels ranged from 0. 01 to 4. 50 ?g/g with an average of 0. 81 ?g/g. Concentration of nickel was high in chocolates and hard candies. Local brand soft candies revealed the highest concentration of arsenic. Results showed that there is significant heavy metal contamination in the collected confectionary samples and on frequent consumption it will cause serious health effects in children and adults as well.

References

  • Silbergeld, E. K. , 1997 Preventing lead poisoning in children. Annu. Rev. Publ. Health, 18, 187-210.
  • Dahiya, S. ,Karpe, R. , Hegde, A. G. , Sharma, R. M. 2005. Lead, cadmium and nickel in chocolates and candies from suburban areas of Mumbai, India. J. Food Comp. Anal. 18, 517-522.
  • Soylak, M. , Colak, H. , Turkoglu, O. , Dogan, M. 2006. Trace metal content of snacks and appetizers consumed in Turkey. B. Environ. Contam. Tox. 76, 436-441.
  • Radwan, M. A. , Salama, A. K. 2006. Market basket survey for some heavy metals in Egyptian fruits and vegetables. Food and Chem. Toxicol. 44, 1273-1278.
  • Yebra, M. C. , Cancela, S. 2005. Continuous ultrasound-assisted extraction of cadmium from legumes and dried fruit samples coupled with on-line preconcentration-flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 382, 2005, 1093-1098.
  • Nascentes, C. C. , Arruda, M. A. Z. , Nogueira, A. R. A. , Nabrega, J. A. 2004. Direct determination of Cu and Zn in fruit juices and bovine milk by thermospray flame furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Talanta, 64, 912-917.
  • Saracoglu, S. , Saygi, K. O. , Uluozlu, O. D. , Tuzen, M. , Soylak, M. 2007. Determination of trace element contents of baby foods from Turkey. Food Chemistry. 105, 280-285.
  • Millour, S. , NoÄ—l, L. , Kadar, A. Chekri, R. , Vastel, C. , Guérin, T. 2011. Simultaneous analysis of 21 elements in foodstuffs by ICP-MS after closed-vessel microwave digestion: Method validation. J. Food Comp. Anal. 24, 111-120.
  • G. Knezevic, G. 1980. Heavy metals in food stuff. The copper content of raw cocoa, intermediate and finished cocoa products, GGB 5, 24 – 26.
  • Knezevic, G. 1982. Heavy metals in food. Part 2. Lead content in unrefined cocoa and in semifinished and finished cocoa products. Dtsch, Lebensm-Rundsch 78, 178 – 180.
  • Nielsen, G. D. , Søderberg, U. , Jørgensen, P. J. , Templeton, D. M. , Rasmussen, S. N. , Andersen, K. E. ,Grandjean, P. 1999. Absorption and retention of nickel from drinking water in relation to food intake and nickel sensitivity. Toxicol. Appl. Pharm. 154, 67-75.
  • Krishnamurti, C. R. , Vishwanathan, P. , 1991. Toxic metals in the Indian environment: McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
  • Duran, A. , Tuzen, M. , Soylak, M. 2009. Trace metal contents in chewing gums and candies marketed in Turkey. Environ Monit Assess 149, 283–289.
  • Selvapathy, P. , Saraladevi, G. 1995. Nickel in Indian chocolates (toffees). Indian J Environ Health. 37, 123-125.
  • IRIS, 1996. Nickel, soluble salts, http://www. epa. gov/iris/subst/0271. htm, Accessed 6th July 2005
  • Von Burg, R. 1997. Toxicology update. Nickel and some nickel compounds. J Appl Toxicol 17, 425-431.
  • Solomons, N. W. , Viteri, F, Shuler, T. R. , Nielsen, F. H. 1982. Bioavailability of nickel in man: effects of foods and chemically-defined dietary constituents on the absorption of inorganic nickel. J. Nutr. , 112, 39 – 50.
  • Flyvholm, M. A. , Nielsen, G. D. , Andersen, A. 1984. Nickel content of food and estimation of dietary intake. Z Lebensm Unters Forsch, 179, 427-431.
  • Grandjean, P. 1984. Lead poisoning: hair analysis shows the calendar of events. Hum Toxicol 3, 223-228.
  • Chang, L. W. 1996. Toxicology of Metals, Lewis Publishers, New York, 245-246.
  • Clarkson, T. W. 1988. Biological Monitoring of Toxic Metals; Plenum Press: New York, 265-282.
  • Barceloux, D. G. , Barceloux, D. 1999. Copper. Clin. Toxicol. 37, 217-230.
  • Haber, L. T. , Erdreicht, L. , Diamond, G. L. , Maier, A. M. , Ratney, R. , Zhao, Q. , Dourson, M. M. L. 2000. Hazard identification and dose response of inhaled nickel-soluble salts. Regul Toxicol Pharm. 31, 210-230.
  • Chewing gum, 1996. Turkish standard, TS 8000.
  • Roychowdhury, T. , Tokunaga, H. , Ando, M. , 2003. Survey of arsenic and other heavy metals in food composites and drinking water and estimation of dietary intake by the villagers from an arsenic-a?ected area of West Bengal, India. The Science of The Total Environment 308, 15–35.
  • Concon, J. M. 1988. Food toxicology. Part A: Principles and concepts, New York, Marcel Dekker, 675.
  • Navarro, M. , López, H. , Lopez, M. C. , Sanchez, M. 1992. Determination of arsenic in fish by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry. J. Anal. Toxicol. 16, 169-171.