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Reseach Article

Load-balancing Approach for AOMDV in Ad-hoc Networks

Published on None 2010 by R. Vinod Kumar, Dr.R.S.D.Wahida Banu
Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
Foundation of Computer Science USA
MANETS - Number 4
None 2010
Authors: R. Vinod Kumar, Dr.R.S.D.Wahida Banu

R. Vinod Kumar, Dr.R.S.D.Wahida Banu . Load-balancing Approach for AOMDV in Ad-hoc Networks. Mobile Ad-hoc Networks. MANETS, 4 (None 2010), 200-205.

author = { R. Vinod Kumar, Dr.R.S.D.Wahida Banu },
title = { Load-balancing Approach for AOMDV in Ad-hoc Networks },
journal = { Mobile Ad-hoc Networks },
issue_date = { None 2010 },
volume = { MANETS },
number = { 4 },
month = { None },
year = { 2010 },
issn = 0975-8887,
pages = { 200-205 },
numpages = 6,
url = { /specialissues/manets/number4/1032-80/ },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Special Issue Article
%1 Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
%A R. Vinod Kumar
%A Dr.R.S.D.Wahida Banu
%T Load-balancing Approach for AOMDV in Ad-hoc Networks
%J Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
%@ 0975-8887
%N 4
%P 200-205
%D 2010
%I International Journal of Computer Applications

Routing protocol is a challenging issue in ad hoc networks. It has been studied thoroughly these years. However, most routing protocols in ad hoc network do not consider the problem of load balance. In this paper, we present an effective scheme to balance the load in ad hoc network. Ad-hoc on demand multipath distance vector (AOMDV) selects a path with a lower hop count and discards routes with higher hop count. The new scheme can be applied in most on-demand routing protocols. It is implemented in the process of route request. When route request (RREQ) messages are flooded to acquire routes, only the qualified nodes, which have a potential to serve as intermediate forwarding nodes, will respond to these messages, so that the established path will not be very congested, and the traffic will be distributed evenly in the network. In this scheme, a threshold value, which is used to judge if the intermediate node is overloaded, is variable and changing along with the nodes’ interface queue occupancy around the backward path. Therefore, we call it an adaptive load-balancing approach. We apply this scheme in Ad-hoc On-demand Multipath Distance Vector (AOMDV) and simulation results show that the network load is balanced on the whole, and the performance of routing overhead and average end-to-end delay is also improved.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Routing Protocol AODV AOMDV load balancing Queue Length