Kidney Segmentation from Ultrasound Images using Gradient Vector Force

© 2010 by IJCA Journal
Number 2 - Article 2
Year of Publication: 2010
Arpana M. Kop
Ravindra Hegadi

Arpana M Kop and Ravindra Hegadi. Kidney Segmentation from Ultrasound Images using Gradient Vector Force. IJCA,Special Issue on RTIPPR (2):104–109, 2010. Published By Foundation of Computer Science. BibTeX

	author = {Arpana M. Kop and Ravindra Hegadi},
	title = {Kidney Segmentation from Ultrasound Images using Gradient Vector Force},
	journal = {IJCA,Special Issue on RTIPPR},
	year = {2010},
	number = {2},
	pages = {104--109},
	note = {Published By Foundation of Computer Science}


Ultrasonography is said to be the safest technique in medical imaging and is hence used extensively. But the images are noisy with speckle, acoustic noise and other artifacts. The classical segmentation methods fail completely or require post processing step to remove invalid object boundaries in the segmentation results. Problems associated with traditional mode, initialization and poor convergence to concave boundaries of the snakes, however, have limited their utility. A new external force for active contours largely solves both problems. This external force, call gradient vector flow (GVF), is computed as a diffusion of the gradient vectors of a gray-level or binary edge map derived from the image. The resultant field has a large capture range and forces active contours into concave regions. The intensity images are input to the method and a GVF snake is initialized. The snake deforms and finally reveals the contour of the kidney. The proposed method has successfully segmented the kidney part from the ultrasound images.


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