CFP last date
20 June 2024
Reseach Article

Reliability of Fingerprint Verification in Ghana

by Osman Yakubu, Osei Adjei
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 107 - Number 10
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: Osman Yakubu, Osei Adjei
10.5120/18785-0116

Osman Yakubu, Osei Adjei . Reliability of Fingerprint Verification in Ghana. International Journal of Computer Applications. 107, 10 ( December 2014), 9-13. DOI=10.5120/18785-0116

@article{ 10.5120/18785-0116,
author = { Osman Yakubu, Osei Adjei },
title = { Reliability of Fingerprint Verification in Ghana },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { December 2014 },
volume = { 107 },
number = { 10 },
month = { December },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 9-13 },
numpages = {9},
url = { https://ijcaonline.org/archives/volume107/number10/18785-0116/ },
doi = { 10.5120/18785-0116 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:40:41.028523+05:30
%A Osman Yakubu
%A Osei Adjei
%T Reliability of Fingerprint Verification in Ghana
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 107
%N 10
%P 9-13
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Abstract

Biometric recognition refers to the automatic recognition of individuals based on their physiological and/or behavioral characteristics. It is used to confirm an individual's identity rather than using an identification card. Unique identifiers of humans include fingerprints, hand geometry, earlobe geometry and retina. Fingerprint verification is one of the most reliable personal identification methods. The performance of Automatic fingerprint identification systems relies heavily on the quality of the captured fingerprint images. Automatic Fingerprint identification systems are currently being implemented in Ghana. In the 2012 elections, fingerprint biometric verification was implemented and the opposition went to court challenging the results. One of their petitions is that some voters did not go through biometric verification, but the electoral commission argued that even though the verification machines rejected them, their names were in the electoral register and they had identification cards. This research studied categories of workers who do not protect their fingers while at work and established that quite a number of them cannot be verified with fingerprint methods successfully because they had poor fingerprint images. A multimodal approach is proposed where multiple traits can be used, but if it is found to be expensive parties should develop a framework to enable those who cannot be verified due to poor fingerprint images to vote.

References
  1. Kong, W. K. , Zhang, D. , Li, W. 2003 Palmprint feature extraction using 2-D Gabor filters, Pattern Recognition, (36), pp. 2339-2347.
  2. Jain, A. K. , Ross, A. , Prabhakar, S. 2004 An Introduction to Biometric Recognition, IEEE Transactions on Circuits And Systems For Video Technology, 14(1).
  3. Federal Bureau of Investigation 1984 The Science of Fingerprints: Classification and Uses, Washington, DC: Government Printing .
  4. Lee, H. C. , Gaensslen, R. E. 1991 Advances in Fingerprint Technology, New York: Elsevier.
  5. Miller, B. 1994 'Vital Signs of Identity, IEEE Spectrum, 31(2), pp. 22-30.
  6. Bafo, A. 2011 Biometric Voter Registration: What You Should Know, Available at:http://ghanamagazine. com/factual/politics/biometric-voter-registration-what-you-should-know/#. VEqTQPl_sTI (Accessed: 24th October 2014).
  7. Kumar, A. , Shen, H. C. , Jain, A. K. 2003 Personal Verification Using Palmprint and Hand Geometry Biometric, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, LNCS(2688), pp. 668-678.
  8. Zhang, D. , Kong, W. , You, J. , Wong, M. 2003 An Introduction to Biometric Recognition, IEEE Transactions On Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence, 25(9).
  9. Oppong-Anane, K. 2006 Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles, Available at:http://www. fao. org/ag/agp/AGPC/doc/Counprof/ghana/Ghana. htm(Accessed: 4th November 2014).
  10. Jain. A. , Hong, L. , Bolle, R. 1997 On-Line Fingerprint Verification, IEEE Transactions On Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence, 19(4)
  11. Jain, A. K. , Prabhakar, S. , Pankanti, S. 2000 Filterbank-Based Fingerprint Matching, IEEE Transactions On Image Processing, 9(5).
  12. Jain, A. K. , Chen, Y. , Demirkus, M. 2007 Pores and Ridges: High-Resolution Fingerprint Matching Using Level 3 Features,IEEE Transactions On Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence, 29(1).
  13. Hong, L. , Wan, Y. , Jain, A. 1998 Fingerprint Image Enhancement: Algorithm and Performance Evaluation, IEEE Transactions On Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence,, 20(8).
  14. Pankanti, S. , Bolle, R. M. 2000 Biometrics: the future of identication, IEEE Computing, 33(2), pp. 46–49.
  15. Smith-Asante, E. 2014 Handwritten passports to be phased out in 2015, Available at: http://graphic. com. gh/news/general-news/23413-handwritten-passports-to-be-phased-out-in-2015. html(Accessed: 24th October 2014).
  16. NHIA 2013 Nhia Begins Biometric Registration And Instant Nhis Id Issuance, Available at:http://www. nhis. gov. gh/News/nhia-begins-biometric-registration-and-instant-nhis-id-issuance%232008#. VEqbIfl_sTI (Accessed: 24th October 2014).
  17. Obour, O. K. 2013 Afari-Gyan admits double registration abroad, Available at: http://graphic. com. gh/news/politics/1814-afari-gyan-admits-double-registration-abroad. html (Accessed: 4th November 2014).
  18. Amoabin, K. , 2013 Supreme Court Report, Available at:http://www. ghanaweb. com/GhanaHomePage/NewsArchive/artikel. php?ID=276385 (Accessed: 4th November 2014).
  19. GNA 2014 EC urged to maintain no verification, no vote regulation, Available at:http://www. ghananewsagency. org/politics/ec-urged-to-maintain-no-verification-no-vote-regulation-78606 (Accessed: 26th November 2014).
  20. Supreme Court of Ghana 2013 Presidentional Election Petition, Accra: .
  21. Hong, L. , Jain, A. K. , Pankanti, S. 1999 Can multibiometrics improve performance ?, Proc. AutoID'99, (), pp. 59–64.
  22. Citifmonline 2014 Enforce 'no verification, no vote – IEA tells EC, Available at:http://www. citifmonline. com/2014/09/08/enforce-no-verification-no-vote-iea-tells-ec/(Accessed: 27th November 2014).
  23. Jeorge Kingson 2012 Electoral Commission issues voting rules and says No Verification No Vote, Available at:http://www. africanelections. org/ghana/news_detail. php?nws=7048&t=Electoral%20Commission%20issues%20voting%20rules%20and%20says%20%3Cb%3ENo%20Verification%20No%20Vote%3C/b%3E(Accessed: 27th November 2014).
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences

Keywords

Biometrics fingerprint verification multimodal election petition multimodal