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Design of Energy Efficient Cluster Head Routing Algorithm for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2016
Gutti Jaswanth, Amandeep Kaur, Gaurav Sharma

Gutti Jaswanth, Amandeep Kaur and Gaurav Sharma. Design of Energy Efficient Cluster Head Routing Algorithm for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks. International Journal of Computer Applications 148(3):23-28, August 2016. BibTeX

	author = {Gutti Jaswanth and Amandeep Kaur and Gaurav Sharma},
	title = {Design of Energy Efficient Cluster Head Routing Algorithm for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {August 2016},
	volume = {148},
	number = {3},
	month = {Aug},
	year = {2016},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {23-28},
	numpages = {6},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2016911079},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


The cluster based technique is one of the good approaches to reduce energy consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). A new Energy Efficient Cluster Head Routing protocol for heterogeneous WSN, which is called EECHR is proposed and evaluated which works on sleep-awake policy that help in prolonging lifetime of the network. In EECHR, the cluster head is elected if its residual energy is more than system average energy of the network. The nodes with high initial and residual energy will have more chances to become cluster head. Finally the simulation results show that EECHR enhances lifetime of heterogeneous sensor network as compared to other protocols i.e., Distributed Energy Efficient Clustering (DEEC) and Threshold Sensitive Stable Electron Protocol (TSEP).


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Energy Efficiency, Cluster Head, Heterogeneous environment, Wireless Sensor Network