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Numerical Analysis of the Magnetohydrodynamic Flow and Heat Transfer in Microchannel

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2016
Mushtaq Ismael Hasan, Abdul Jabbar F. Ali, Rhan S. Tufah

Mushtaq Ismael Hasan, Abdul Jabbar F Ali and Rhan S Tufah. Numerical Analysis of the Magnetohydrodynamic Flow and Heat Transfer in Microchannel. International Journal of Computer Applications 149(2):1-7, September 2016. BibTeX

	author = {Mushtaq Ismael Hasan and Abdul Jabbar F. Ali and Rhan S. Tufah},
	title = {Numerical Analysis of the Magnetohydrodynamic Flow and Heat Transfer in Microchannel},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {September 2016},
	volume = {149},
	number = {2},
	month = {Sep},
	year = {2016},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {1-7},
	numpages = {7},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2016911349},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Magnetohydrodynamic micropumps received more attention due to its application in pumping of biological and chemical specimens, such as blood, DNA, and saline buffers. In this paper the MHD flow in square microchannel has been numerically investigate with different working fluids and electromagnetic boundary conditions, PBS solution and sea water have been used as working fluids. The study covers a selected range of applied electric currents and magnetic flux to explore their effects on MHD flow and heat transfer. Thermal characteristics of MHD flow have been also studied by calculation the temperature distribution through MHD micropump region. The results obtained show a considerable effect of both of the applied electric and magnetic fields on the velocity and flow rate. The sea water gave higher velocity and flow rate compared with PBS solution, and there is a slight increase in temperature due to small effect of Joule heating.


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MHD flow; microchannel; micropump; numerical investigation; electromagnetic.