Call for Paper - November 2022 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the November 2022 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is October 20, 2022. Read More

A Proposed Framework for Photos Copyright Protection in Facebook

Print
PDF
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2017
Authors:
Mohammad Alaa Hussain Al-Hamami
10.5120/ijca2017913179

Mohammad Alaa Hussain Al-Hamami. A Proposed Framework for Photos Copyright Protection in Facebook. International Journal of Computer Applications 162(1):6-10, March 2017. BibTeX

@article{10.5120/ijca2017913179,
	author = {Mohammad Alaa Hussain Al-Hamami},
	title = {A Proposed Framework for Photos Copyright Protection in Facebook},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {March 2017},
	volume = {162},
	number = {1},
	month = {Mar},
	year = {2017},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {6-10},
	numpages = {5},
	url = {http://www.ijcaonline.org/archives/volume162/number1/27205-2017913179},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2017913179},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}
}

Abstract

Because of the huge number of users, Facebook becomes the largest social network on earth. Although, Facebook is continuously developing its features but doesn’t provide yet a suitable mechanism to protect the content copyright in an automatic way.

This paper suggests a framework proposal to protect the copyright of photos in Facebook. This will be done by adding a watermark to photo that will be uploaded. The watermark contains the name of the profile that uploaded photo and date of posting it. This profile will be considered as the owner of the photo on Facebook. If the uploaded photo already contains a Facebook watermark, the profile that already owned the photo will be notified by Facebook that there is another profile trying to upload the same photo. The original owner will decide to give the permission for the photo to be posted again on Facebook or not. If the photo’s owner allows the photo to be posted the watermark information will be displayed in the post. The system doesn't allow the new user to put his/her water mark on the photo. In this way, even if a profile posted a watermarked photo it will be clear to everyone who is the original owner and when the profile posted it.

References

  1. The Top 20 Valuable Facebook Statistics – Updated January 2017, https://zephoria.com/top-15-valuable-facebook-statistics/ Access at 26/1/2017.
  2. The 2016 State of Social Marketing Report, http://simplymeasured.com/blog/introducing-the-2016-state-of-social-marketing-report/#sm.0000ug62bkrpxe4b10tygm5aqq5vr Access at 25/1/2017.
  3. Zhu Yuefeng, Lin Li, “Digital Image Watermarking Algorithms Based on Dual Transformation Domain and Self-Recovery”, International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems Vol. 8, NO. 1, March 2015.
  4. Mr. Krunal R patel Mr .Lokesh P. Gagnani, “Current classification and introduction of Watermarking Techniques in Digital Images”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 3, Issue 1, January -February 2013, pp.840-846.
  5. St´ephane Bounkong, Bor´emi Toch, David Saad, David Lowe, “ICA for Watermarking Digital Images”, Journal of Machine Learning Research 4 (2003) 1471-1498.
  6. Facebook Help Center, Policies and Reporting, Copyright, https://www.facebook.com/help/1020633957973118?helpref=hc_global_nav Access at 15/1/2017.
  7. Facebook Desktop Help, Copyright Report Form, https://www.facebook.com/help/contact/1409697672616547 Access at 15/1/2017.
  8. Facebook Help Center, Reporting Copyright Infringements, https://www.facebook.com/help/400287850027717/ Access at 16/1/2017.
  9. Jason Hiney, Tejas Dakve, Krzysztof Szczypiorski, Kris Gaj, “Using Facebook for Image Steganography”, https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/483b/0a656ef5fded842ec6dc17dd21aeec32bb66.pdf Access at 5/1/2017.

Keywords

Digital Watermark, Photo Copyright, Facebook Watermark, Photo Owner, Proposed Framework.