Call for Paper - November 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the November 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is October 20, 2023. Read More

Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network: A Review

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2017
Swati Jaryal, Devendra Prasad, Amit Verma

Swati Jaryal, Devendra Prasad and Amit Verma. Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network: A Review. International Journal of Computer Applications 165(9):16-18, May 2017. BibTeX

	author = {Swati Jaryal and Devendra Prasad and Amit Verma},
	title = {Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network: A Review},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {May 2017},
	volume = {165},
	number = {9},
	month = {May},
	year = {2017},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {16-18},
	numpages = {3},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2017913999},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Current advances in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have led to various routing protocols specifically designed for sensor networks where power consumption is an important concern. Sensor Nodes (SNs) in WSNs limited in terms of computing power, transmission range and energy as they are battery operated. When these SNs are deployed in hostile environment where reach-ability is not possible they can not be recharge so, protocols in WSNs should be developed keeping in view the energy consumption. Routing protocols for wireless sensor network are responsible for maintaining the routes in the network and have ensured reliable multi- hop communication. This paper discussed some energy-efficient routing protocols in WSNs.


  1. Kaschel, Hector, and Johanna Ortega. "Energy efficiency in routing protocols applied to WSN." In Automatica (ICA-ACCA), pp. 1-8. IEEE. 2016.
  2. Xibei, Jia, Zhang Huazhong, and Zhang Jingchen. "Research of data aggregation routing protocol in WSN data-related applications." In Computer Science and Information Technology (ICCSIT), in proceeding of 3rd IEEE International Conference on, vol. 1, pp. 647-651. 2010.
  3. Misson, Michel. "Multi-channel routing protocol for dynamic WSN." In Wireless Days (WD), march 23-25, pp. 1-3. 2016.
  4. Chen, Ming, and Ting-lei Huang. "A new algorithm of layered routing protocol in WSN." In Intelligent Computing and Integrated Systems (ICISS), pp. 942-943. 2010.
  5. Cui, Xiao-yan, and Zhao Liu. "An improved algorithm for flow-based QoS routing protocol in WSN." In International symposium on Microwave, Antenna, Propagation and EMC Technologies for Wireless Communications, Proceeding in 3rd IEEE International Symposium, pp. 745-747. 2009.
  6. Biradar, Rajashree V., V. C. Patil, S. R. Sawant, and R. R. Mudholkar. "Classification and comparison of routing protocols in wireless sensor networks." In Ubiquitous Computing Security Systems, vol. 4, Issue 2, pp. 704-711. 2009
  7. Maheswari, S. Uma, N. S. Usha, EA Mary Anita, and K. Ramaya Devi. "A novel robust routing protocol RAEED to avoid DoS attacks in WSN." In Information Communication and Embedded Systems (ICICES), pp. 1-5. 2016.
  8. Xiangning, Fan, and Song Yulin. "Improvement on LEACH protocol of wireless sensor network." Proceeding in SENSORCOMM international conference on sensor Technologies and Applications, vol. 00, pp. 260-264. 2007.
  9. Malik, Meena, Dr Yudhvir Singh, and Anshu Arora. "Analysis of LEACH protocol in wireless sensor networks." International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering (IJARCSSE), vol. 3, Issue 2, pp 178-183. 2013.
  10. Lindsey, Stephanie, and Cauligi S. Raghavendra. "PEGASIS: Power-efficient gathering in sensor information systems." proceeding in IEEE Aerospace conference, vol. 3, pp. 1125-1130. 2002.
  11. Alpesh R.Sankalia ‘‘PEGASIS: Power Efficient Gathering in Sensor Information Systems.”International journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJSRST) Vol. 1, Issues 5, pp.108-112. 2015.
  12. Rana, Hetal, Sangeeta Vhatkar, and Mohommad Atique. "Comparative Study of PEGASIS Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network." IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE) Vol. 16, Issue 5, pp. 25-30. 2014.
  13. Fengsen, Qi Bing, Tang Lianguri, “An Improved Energy-Efficient PEGASIS-Based Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE Eighth International Conference on Fuzzy System and Knowledge Discovery, pp. 2230-2233. 2011.


Wireless Sensor Networks, Sensor Nodes, Energy efficiency, Cluster Head.