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Voice Activity Detection for Robust Speaker Identification System

IJCA Special Issue on Software Engineering, Databases and Expert Systems
© 2012 by IJCA Journal
SEDEX - Number 2
Year of Publication: 2012
El Bachir Tazi
Abderrahim Benabbou
Mostafa Harti

El Bachir Tazi, Abderrahim Benabbou and Mostafa Harti. Article: Voice Activity Detection for Robust Speaker Identification System. IJCA Special Issue on Software Engineering, Databases and Expert Systems SEDEX(2):35-39, September 2012. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {El Bachir Tazi and Abderrahim Benabbou and Mostafa Harti},
	title = {Article: Voice Activity Detection for Robust Speaker Identification System},
	journal = {IJCA Special Issue on Software Engineering, Databases and Expert Systems},
	year = {2012},
	volume = {SEDEX},
	number = {2},
	pages = {35-39},
	month = {September},
	note = {Full text available}


The performances of Speaker Identification Systems (SIS) are strongly influenced by the quality of the speech signal. Most of these systems are based on Gaussian Mixture Models (GMM) that is trained using a training speech database. The mismatch between the training conditions and the testing conditions has a deep impact on the accuracy of these systems and represents a barrier for their operation in real conditions generally affected by noises disturbances. The Voice Activity Detection (VAD) is a very useful technique for improving the performance of these systems working in these scenarios. In this paper we have used within the feature extraction process, a robust VAD module, that yield high speech/non-speech discrimination accuracy and improve the performance of the SIS in noisy environments. A set of experiments which we have conducted on our proper database containing 37 Arabic speaker in order to evaluate the performances of our SIS based on gammatone frequency cepstral coefficients (GFCC) front-end combined to VAD algorithm show 7. 84% average improvement of Identification Rate (IR) performance of our SIS based on GFCC robust method compared to a baseline MFCC method. 2. 13% average improvement accuracy as a benefit of VAD technique is observed when the Rignal per Roise Ratio (SNR) changes from 40 dB to 0dB.


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